When dealing with a personal injury case in Tennessee, you may often hear the word “tort.” This may be confusing if you do not understand what a tort is or how it applies to your case. It is important that when you have a legal issue, you understand the terminology. This will ensure that you can follow the details of your case and stay informed on what is happening. Knowing that, according to the Cornell Law School, tort means the actions of someone or something, such as a business, that causes injury or other harm to another will help you understand your case better.

Torts are commonplace in personal injury because they are what allow you to file your case in the first place. They help to hold people responsible for their actions when those actions hurt someone else. Torts come up in auto accidents, medical malpractice and every other type of case that falls under the personal injury umbrella. They can be strict liability, which applies to defective products, intentional, which is when someone does something on purpose, and negligent, which covers accidents.

The goal of a tort is to take the burden away from you because you did not cause the injury to yourself and therefore should not have to pay for the results. Instead, the law shifts the responsibility for your expenses and other results of an injury back to the person who caused it to happen.

The state defines the tort and its extent, which means they vary from state to state. There are some common torts, though, that you may find are the same even in different states. This information is for education and is not legal advice.